AI is an area of computer science that emphasizes on the creation of intelligent machines just like humans, which can work and react just like us. They are much more accurate and precise in their work. These bots are more efficient than human in some specific domains and are growing smarter with each passing day. They can do some really tough tasks which are considered difficult for any human being.
The results associated with the Artificial intelligence are promising & lucrative. But as every invention is associated with some demerits, so is the artificial intelligence. It can do many things like Programming, Reasoning, and Problem-solving, Learning or Planning like human do. But there are still a few areas for which a human is required. Machines are learning very fast and machine learning algorithms have accelerated the pace.
A machine can work efficiently only it has abundant data and information about the work which is being imparted daily to them. But with every forward step & advancement in the technology, a threat is proliferating, a threat of being replaced on our work front. Every passing day is sealing some jobs for humans all over the globe.
When there were no artificial intelligence, no machines, a lot of humans were working. People were engaged in a lot of operations and jobs. It took time and money and speed too was sluggish. But now machines are working as peers with humans and are eating away newer jobs by proving as a worthy employee. They are passing tests every day and overcoming the issues of fatigue and speed which were always there with humans.
Rising competition has fueled the demand to cut expenses. Reducing the workforce is today a preferred alternative for many manufacturing companies all over the world. These job cuts have created panic in the job markets. There are many jobs which are at greater risk of evaporation, a few of them are as under.
Sports Umpires: -. With a total population of 7.6 billion, there are 1.6 billion or approximately 9.8% of the total world population are engaged in the non-playing roles. These people are associated with the games and will be soon replaced.
An approximate figure of about 1.6 million, only in UK and USA, will be soon replenished by the bots. In sports, decisions at some crucial points are very difficult for an umpire. Sometimes, as the prestige of a team is totally dependent on the result of an umpire. Introducing bots can be a wiser option. It provides us more accurate result in less time but on the other hand, it eats up someone job.
Workers and floor operators in any manufacturing unit:- They are the people who are highly susceptible to being replaced by these smart bots. Manufacturing units are now inclined towards technology for the skilled workforce who can work day and night without fatigue and can deliver any task without asking for any facility.
The machines can work day and night 24*7 without any break or leave and can manage everything efficiently. Day by day low skilled workers are being replaced by this phenomenon and are rejected by their employers.
Farm Labors: – With the advancement of new technology, farming has transformed totally. Machines are being preferred for various farm activities and these machines can work really fast. At the time of harvesting, speed is crucial and bots have an upper hand again.
Telemarketers:- Now Machines are trying their hand in the field of telemarketing too. These machines record the call data about the customer’s need without any miss and also handles their queries effectively similar to humans. Most people have similar questions so bots can easily handle and answer. Sometimes when it’s tricky, the baton is passed to a human.
There is a greater threat to the people who stand at the bottom of skill pyramid. With the low skill set people’s job is highly risked and are greatly hit by the technology. Some low skilled jobs like Foreman, Draughtsman, Farmer, Security guard, Taxi driver and many more jobs are at the bottom of this skill pyramid.
It is not all even other moderately skilled people are also carrying a fear inside as soon they will be at the bottom. About 40%-50% people from the world’s working population are moderately immune. Here are some of the profiles which are at lower risks. Recommended Post: Artificial Intelligence- advances and impact
Taxi-drivers: – These jobs are comparatively skilled and thus are at moderate risk. There are many companies now, working on developing a self-driven car. These cars are much more efficient and intelligent but it will take a lot more time to be a reality on the roads. It fails in those areas which are more crowded and populated, there we need a smart human driver who can respond to the situation with lightening speed.
Bakers: – Now many different types of intelligent machine are in the market which can bake food. Only we have to add the ingredients and fill the information about what you want to cook and within a few seconds, we get our desired food or drinks. Conventionally, baking is not something which needs a high level of skill, it’s just the right proportions of ingredients which can be arranged manually by a human being and the rest is left for the machine. AI has fulfilled that requisites of basic intelligence in the machines.
Fisherman: – With the introduction of bots in the fishing industry the very existence of fishermen is under the scanner. The technology has reduced the human risks of fishing in a turbulent ocean and bots are doing the work of catching fish in those days. But still, in many countries fishing is generally practiced manually which sooner or later will be taken over by the bots.
It is not that all of the human race will be unemployed after introducing the bots in industry. There are some professions which need higher skills and response time, better analytical skills and most important a personal human touch. Such jobs are immune to this job eradication. A few such profession can be firefighters, photographers, and physicians. There are lot many jobs which are still handled by humans and using a bot for these works is still a distant dream.
With a survey, report says that many big companies are now turning to this technology. They are replacing their low skilled employees and creating large-scale unemployment. It is not very easy for all of the people to accept this technology as it causes mass unemployment and job insecurity. Every person in this world has a unique skill by birth that can’t be ignored. Moreover, one can’t easily change his/her profession if he/she has gained experience in that particular profession after working for so many years.
A statement by Elon Musk says that
“AI powered systems and automation technology could be humanity’s greatest existential threat.”
About 35% of the workforce is getting unemployed in the UK and 49% workforce in Japan alone. Almost 48% of employees in the USA are at high risk of losing their jobs because of this automation and artificial intelligence. Humans need to evolve faster than the machines to avoid their chances of being replaced. But sadly, technology is changing rapidly and the fate is inevitable.